When dealing with a condition such as vertigo, the first thing a patient should do is contact their doctor and discuss and diagnose what variety of vertigo the patient is dealing with.

Whether it’s central or peripheral vertigo, the patient can receive various treatments, some more effective than others.

Treatments can range from surgery, temporary prescribed medication to help control vertigo episodes, or balance exercises designed to help manage your symptoms more easily.

Each may work differently from person to person, but the result will manage its impact on your day-to-day life.

Peripheral Vertigo

For peripheral vertigo,  symptoms can include a sensation of spinning, nausea, vomiting, incoordination, tinnitus, or hearing loss. During your visit to your audiologist, the doctor will be looking for a disorder within the inner ear.

Depending on our diagnosis and the severity of the condition, your audiologist and primary care physician will work together to determine the best treatment plan for you.

Many different types of vestibular pathologies can cause vertigo. A more chronic type of rare condition but can occur at all ages includes Meniere’s disease.

Meniere’s disease symptoms include recurrent severe attacks of vertigo that can last from 20 minutes to 24 hours, fluctuating hearing loss that progresses over time, episodic tinnitus, and episodic aural fullness.

There are various treatments for Meniere’s disease, including:

  • Lifestyle modification such as limiting sodium, caffeine, alcohol, stress, and proper sleep and exercise.
  • A vestibular suppressant or anti-nausea medication from your primary care physician during an episode may be prescribed to reduce symptoms.
  • Diuretics for long-term use aimed to reduce fluid retention.
  • Middle ear injections to help reduce inflammation.
  • Surgical treatment is also an option for more chronic conditions.
  • Vestibular rehabilitation with physical therapy.

Vestibular rehabilitation therapy is highly encouraged for people suffering from peripheral vertigo. It helps the patient improve their balance by teaching the brain to compensate for their inner ear problems.

Central Vertigo

For central vertigo, several of the treatments are similar to those offered for peripheral vertigo. However, tests will vary, as the doctor tends to look for the disease’s cause, whereas peripheral vertigo occurs mostly due to inner ear pathology.

Central vertigo is a disorder that connects the brain and the spinal cord. It can be a result of something as serious as a stroke.

If the doctor suspects you might have central vertigo, they will immediately organize a scan and refer you to a hospital specialist such as a neurologist.

Central vertigo is usually accompanied by regular migraines and is usually managed rather than treated. It is more often than not associated with M.S. or brain tumors.

However, for example, if the patient suffers from nausea, doctors can treat nausea with the medication.

Symptoms of central vertigo may include imbalance,  double vision, slurred speech, facial weakness, or numbness.

What Should I Do Now?

There are countless reasons why you might be suffering from vertigo. Almost all of them are treatable by your family doctor. Remember, there’s never any need to sit silent and worry.

If you’re concerned about your balance or would like professional advice on anything that you have read in this article, then our team of experts is here to help.

You can call your local office by clicking here, or you can request a callback by clicking here

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Elizabeth Barragan, Au.D.

Dr. Elizabeth Barragan, AuD, wholeheartedly believes in making a difference in the lives of others and improving her patient’s quality of life with better hearing and communication. A Sacramento Valley native, Dr. Barragan attended Sacramento State University and earned her Bachelor’s degree in Speech Pathology and Audiology. She then received her Doctorate of Audiology from University of the Pacific.